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2005年吉林函授英语真题

作者:刘老师 点击数:749 更新时间:2014-11-15 标签:函授历年真题

2005年函授学校招生全国统一考试 

   

一、语音知识(共5小题,每题1.5分,共7.5分)

在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里。

    1. A. hour          B. four           C. flour        D. our

    2. A. research       B. respect         C. disease      D. distance

    3. A. feather        B. measure        C. weather      D. league

    4. A. cushion        B. butter          C. luggage      D. cupboard

    5. A. chimney       B. chicken        C. chemistry     D. chairman

词汇与语法知识(共15小题;每题1.5分,共22.5分。)

从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项,并把它前面的大写字母填入左边的括号里

    6. I arranged to meet Mr. Jones here. I hope I haven’t ______ him.

A. forgotten        B. missed         C. lost        D. passed

    7. They have three reasons for keeping their marriage ______ secret for _____ moment.

           A. a; 不填         B. the; a          C. 不填; the    D. a; the

    8. Not until very late that afternoon ______ the news that his daughter won the match.

           A. did the father get                     B. the father got

C. the father did get                     D. got the father

    9.Something must be done immediately if these wild animals ______ saved.

           A. will be          B. were         C. are about to be    D. are to be

    10. Michael _____ to pass the examination at his second attempt.

           A. succeeded        B. completed       C. realized       D. managed

    11. – My watch stopped.

            -- You ______ have forgotten to wind it.

           A. should           B. must          C. can           D. may

    12. Helen made ____to visit her parents once a month, but she didn’t keep it.

           A. an offer        B. a decision     C. an effort        D. a promise

    13. Don’t worry about Susan; she just feels like _____ home alone tonight.

           A. to stay        B. stay          C. staying          D. having stayed

    14. Neither my wife nor I ______ able to persuade our daughter to change her mind.

           A. am           B. are         C. have been        D. is

    15. This is the washing machine ____ we have had so much trouble.

           A. at which       B. with which     C. of which      D. in which

    16. Mary has a lot of letters to write today. She ___ all afternoon and she _____ yet.

           A. has been writing; hasn’t finished         B. has written; hasn’t finished

C. writes; doesn’t finish                   D. wrote; didn’t finish

    17. As we knew, Xu HaiFeng won the first gold medal for Chinaat the 23rd Olympic Games____ inLos Angeles.

           A. being held      B. to be held       C. having been held      D. held

    18. The driving test was difficult for me, but I finally ____ it.

           A. got back to      B. got along with      C. got through       D. got into

    19. – Why are you so late, Jim?

           -- Sorry. We _____ in heavy traffic for about an hour.

            A. have stuck        B. are stuck          C. stuck        D. were stuck

    20. The teachers decided to put off the meeting till next week, ___ they won’t be so busy.

           A. since             B. as               C. when         D. while

完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,共30分)

通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后,从每小题的四个选择项中选出可填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

Here is a story which I heard from my father yesterday evening over tea. One of his friends had _21__ been to theHimalayas, the famous mountain range in the world. While he was _22__ along the mountain paths, he came _23__ a few other visitors. _24__ the visitors were an old lady and her grandson. The small child _25__ the beautiful mountains and snow-capped peaks(山峰). He said to his grandmother: “How _26__ these mountains are! Can we take them _27__, grandma? ” The old woman _28_ and said, “Dear, if some child like you had taken them away _29__, would you have had a _30__ to see them? Now if we take these mountains away today, then tomorrow, _31__ child will not have the chance to _32__ these beautiful things. Don’t you _33__ they are so nice that everyone should see and _34__ them?”

What a noble _35__! Our lives become _36__ only when we learn the _37___ of everything and give up our _38__ to have everything for ourselves. Just as the saying goes, “ The rich man is not the one who has the _39__, but one who _40__ the least.”

    21. A. nearly       B. already       C. almost       D. recently

    22. A. marching    B. walking       C. following     D. running

    23. A. across       B. to            C. for          D. around

    24. A. Besides      B. About        C. Between      D. Among

    25. A. discovered   B. recognized     C. admitted      D. attracted

    26. A. cold        B. nice           C. wide         D. far

    27. A. home       B. together        C. down        D. off

    28. A. worried     B. agreed         C. smiled       D. cheered

    29. A. once        B. tomorrow      C. sometimes    D. yesterday

    30. A. day         B. chance        C. time          D. moment

    31. A. each        B. other          C. another       D. that

    32. A. show        B. take          C. own          D. see

    33. A. think        B. guess         C. mean         D. say

    34. A. take         B. have         C. welcome      D. enjoy

    35. A. thought      B. language      C. lesson        D. feeling

    36. A. useful       B. successful     C. meaningful    D. helpful\

    37. A. price        B. value         C. nature        D. result

    38. A. reasons      B. desires        C. struggle      D. purpose

    39. A. time        B. position       C. most         D. best

    40. A. needs       B. has           C. collects      D. help

阅读理解 (共15小题;每题3分,共45分)

阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选项中选出最佳的一项。

A

Grammar is the way a language works. People sometimes describe grammar as the “rules” of a language; but in fact no natural languages have rules. If we use the word “rules”, we suggest that somebody made the rules first and then spoke the language, like a new game. But languages did not start like that. Languages were started by people making sounds which gradually changed into words, phrases and sentences. No commonly-spoken language is fixed. All languages change over time. What we call grammar is simply a description of a language at a particular time.

Do we need to study grammar to learn a language? The short answer is “No”. Very many people in the world speak their own native language without having studied its grammar. Children start to speak before they even know the word “grammar”. But if you are serious about learning a foreign language, the long answer is “Yes, grammar can help you to learn a language more quickly.” It’s important to think of grammar as something that can help you, like a friend. When you understand the grammar of a language, you can understand many things yourself, without having to ask a teacher or look in a book.

So think of grammar as something good, something helpful, something you can use to find your way like a signpost or a map.

41. The author holds that if grammar is described as “rules”, it would suggest that _____.

   A. rules must be made to speak the language

B. language goes before grammar

C. rules are fixed by language

D. language is not a new game

42. From Paragraph 1 we can see that _____.

   A. language is changing, so is its grammar

B. grammar must be simple to describe a language

C. languages were formed by people now and then

D. grammar should be changed at a particular time

43. According to the author grammar helps when ______.

   A. we look up something in a book     B. we ask someone to make rules

C. we speak our native language       D. we learn a foreign language

44. Which of the following would be the best title for this passage?

   A. Grammar Is the Rules of a Language

B. The Change of Language

C. Grammar Is Your Friend

D. How to Study Grammar

B

In the late 1990s scientists began to notice changes inYellowstoneNational Park. Trees that had stopped growing for years began to grow again. Animals started behaving differently. Scientists believe it is the wolves that have caused these changes.

Wolves used to live inYellowstone. But many people thought wolves would kill animals kept on farms, such as cows and sheep, and they would harm crops, too. In 1926 the last wolf inYellowstonewas killed.

For the next 70 yearsYellowstonedid not have any wolves. Scientists decided to bring them back to the area in 1995. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service brought in 15 gray wolves fromCanada. Today between 250 and 300 wolves live inYellowstone—and they have already left their mark.

Wolves have been hunting and eating elk. The elk leftovers (驯鹿被吃剩的部分) provide food for animals such as bears. With fewer elk, plants can grow better and taller. This new plant growth provides more trees for birds and more plant food for beavers. The number of beavers in northernYellowstonehas increase greatly since wolves were reintroduced.

Wolves have such a big effect on Yellowstone because they are a keystone species (物种). Keystone species are species on which a large number of other plants and animals depend. The removal of a keystone species can lead to the death of other species.

However, not everyone is happy with the wolves’ return. Farmers want to limit the number of wolves in the area, because if there are too many wolves, they may have not only their cows and sheep killed by wolves, but also their cats, dogs, and horses.

Still, many scientists believe thatYellowstoneis starting to look more like it did before people began to kill wolves there.

45. Which of the following is true according to the passage

   A. Wolves have played an important role inYellowstonefor 70 years

B. Wolves inYellowstonehad all been killed by the mid-1920s

C. Yellowstone had no wolves at the beginning of the 20th century

D.Yellowstonecan hold no more than 300 wolves today

46. The sentence “… they have already left their mark” most probably means in the passage that _____.

   A. they have brought about changes toYellowstone

B. they have made marks where they can get food

C. they have left a lot of footprints in the park

D. they have marked out the areas of their own

47. What is the immediate change after 15 wolves were brought in?

   A. Plants grow taller and better

B. Beavers have increased greatly

C. The number of elk is reduced

D. Cows and sheep are killed on farms

48. It seems to be a wise decision to have brought wolves back toYellowstonebecause ____.

   A. wolves can depend on themselves to find food

B. a national park should introduce foreign animals

C. a national park should have different kinds of animals

D. wolves are necessary for many other animals and plants to live

C

In most of theUnited States, students attend classes for 5 days each week. Schools are required to hold classes for about 180 days a year. Recently, schools in some areas of the country have begun experimenting with the new teaching arrangement of holding classes for 4 days a week. Classes would meet their Monday through Thursday, or Tuesday through Friday. Some schools in 12 American states are now using that schedule (日程安排).

The students still have the same number of total hours in class as before. But they attend school for a longer time on each of the 4 days. InColorado, schools on the four-day week hold classes for seven-and-one-half hours a day for 144 days. Traditional (传统的) schools meet for 6 hours a day for 180 days.

Many schools on a four-day schedule offer special programs, trips or sports meets on the fifth day. Officials say this gives students even more time in class than on the traditional schedule. Students do not have to miss school to go to the events. They can also go to doctors or deal with other important affairs on the fifth day.

The main reason for shortening the school week is that many schools can save money by not providing meals or transportation for students on the fifth day. And they say research shows that students are not harmed by the shorter week.

49. How many teaching hours do most of the schools have in the U.S.

   A. 6 hours for 4 days a week         B.6hours for5days a week

C. 7.5 hours for 4 days a week       D. 7.5 hours for 5 days a week

50. What change does the four-day school week bring about?

   A. Students attend classes for 180 days a year

B. Students have fewer class hours than before

C. Students take part in more after-class activities

D. Students have to take special programs on the fifth day

51. Which of the following is true about the four-day schedule?

   A. It is being practiced in some states

B. It is being planned all over the country

C. It helps students save money for meals

D. It prevents small schools from closing down

D

After then years of being a housewife and a mother, Carol could not stand it any longer. Then, one morning, just after her two daughters had gone to school, she saw an advertisement(广告)in the paper. She phoned, and was asked to come to an interview(面谈) that very afternoon.

Mr. Hollins, who interviewed her, was a young man about24 ina black suit. There was a hard look in his eye and he talked very fast. He told her she would be required to stop men between the ages of 21 and 50 and ask them several questions designed to determine what men think of deodorants. The information was to be recorded and she would be paid according to the number of complete interviews she had.

When Carol asked which factory the research was for, she was told that was not important. Last of all, before she began she would have to attend a one-day training. Carol accepted. After the training, which was only about how to write down the answers correctly in a form and how to put the questions, Carol found herself in the center of town at 9:30 inthe morning. She soon found out that getting the information was really not at all that easy.

First, she stopped a man who refused to answer any questions because he had no time. Next, a man told her it was none of her business whether he used deodorants or not. Then she interviewed a man who was hard of hearing and, instead of answering her questions, began asking her all sorts of his own. Finally, Carol found a young man with a pleasant smile on his face. He was coming towards her slowly and seemed ready to talk. He looked surprised when she put her first question. “I’m doing a research, too. It’s about soap powders,” he said.

52. Mr. Hollins told Carol that she was required _______.

   A. to record what she heard in the streets

B. to collect men’s opinions on a product

C. to pay visits to men aged 21 through 50

D. to stop people who were using the product

53. Before Carol started to work, she learned how to _____.

   A. fill her personal information in a form

B. receive training that might help her do the job

C. put the information collected in the form provided

D. ask interesting questions in the training course

54. What can we know about the third man Carol stopped in the town center?

   A. He was impatient to listen to Carol

B. He was ready to answer Carol’s questions

C. He found it hard to believe what Carol said

D. He had trouble getting what Carol was saying

55. Carol found in her work that _____.

   A. few people were willing to answer her questions

B. it was not easy to make herself understood

C. men did not like her questions very much

D. young people were more helpful

补全对话(共5句;每句满分为3分,共15分)

   根据中文提示,将对话中缺少的内容写在线上。这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方,用疑问句。

提示:Mary在一家电器店买了一台录音机,回去后发现机器不转,便拿来要求退货。店员请她指出问题,并表示愿意替她修理。经检查发现是电源未接通。

S= shop assistant    M=Mary

S: Morning, ___________________________, miss?

M: Uh, I’d like to return this tape recorder and get my money back.

S: ________________________?

M: It doesn’t work.

S: I’m very sorry, but _____________________________.

M: I got this recorder only yesterday. Are you sure it won’t wrong again?

S: The service department in our store is quite good at that sort of thing. _______________________what the trouble is.

M: It simply doesn’t work. You see, none of the button work. Try it yourself.

S: OK. Let me see. Oh, ___________________, miss. Now it works very well.

书面表达(满分30分)

假定你是中国文化知识大赛组委会主席,写信祝贺参赛选手John Smith 获本次大赛一等奖,并通知其以下事项:

1.       出席1210日晚在北京友谊宾馆举行的庆祝晚会;

2.       赢得了免费中国10日游;

3.       如果能够参加旅游,应将信中所附表格填好,并准备好护照(passport.组委会将负责其他相关事宜。

注意:词数应为100左右。

October 17, 2005

Dear Mr. John Smith,






Sincerely Yours,

Li Hua

Chair

Committee of the Chinese Culture Contest

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